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Changing gender roles in the fishing industry in Homa Bay County, Kenya 1900 to 2012: a descriptive study

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dc.contributor.author Okello, Eunice Adhiambo
dc.date.issued 2017-04
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-24T13:43:16Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-24T13:43:16Z
dc.identifier.uri http://41.89.96.81:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/1344
dc.description.abstract Fishing is one of the oldest occupations of mankind. Studies done on gender roles in the fishing industry in Lake Victoria in Kenya indicate that traditionally, both men and women were involved in fisheries but each performed different roles which were culturally defined. This study focused on the fishing industry in Lake Victoria specifically Kendu Bay and Homa Lime fishing bays located in Homa Bay County of Kenya. The development of fisheries in Homa Bay County is faced with several challenges such as Lake pollution, extinction of certain indigenous species, overfishing, and environmental destruction including the water hyacinth. These problems have been located in the social, economic and political systems that existed in the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial times from 1900 – 2012. The Luo fishers had their own indigenous techniques of fishing, methods of preservation and systems of management. The objectives of the study were to describe the nature and patterns of the changing gender roles in the fisheries in Homa Bay County, determine the major factors that influence the gender roles and establish the challenges faced by the fishers. The study used the historical method to evaluate and analyse data obtained from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data was obtained from the Kenya National Archives and from various Government reports on fisheries development in Kenya. Data was also gathered from oral interviews with relevant respondents including boat crew, engine owners, fishermen, fish traders, retired fisherfolk, kiosk owners and Beach Management Unit officials. Secondary data was obtained from books, journal articles, and the internet and newspaper articles in relation to fisheries. The study employed the theory of feminism to demonstrate how men and women should complement each other in their specific roles in order to achieve their goals since both are users of the fish product. The study established that during the pre-colonial period there was plenty of indigenous fish which was mainly for subsistence. Barter trade was conducted at local and regional markets. The fishing industry witnessed many changes during the colonisation of Kenya such as new fishing nets, motorised boats, new fishing regulations and the introduction of different fish species.The findings of the study are as follows: The small scale fishers continued to struggle to survive commercially yet remained voiceless and marginalised. Lack of capital left most retail fishers poor while the rich fishers prospered. The experiences of the fishers in Homa Bay County as spelt out in this study could be used by policy makers in the fisheries sector to come up with strategies that could include all fishers in order to solve the problems affecting the Lake Victoria fisheries. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Egerton University en_US
dc.subject Changing gender roles -- Fishing industry en_US
dc.title Changing gender roles in the fishing industry in Homa Bay County, Kenya 1900 to 2012: a descriptive study en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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