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Title: Motivation for the decision of internally displaced persons to settle in self-help settlements in Gilgil District, Nakuru County, Kenya
Authors: Ndungu, Faith Mumbi
Keywords: Internally displaced persons -- Self-help settlements
Issue Date: Aug-2014
Publisher: Egerton University
Abstract: This study focused on motivations for the decision of internally displaced persons to settle in self-help settlements. The study was motivated by the fact that despite the growing emphasis on return and resettlement of IDPs the rate of successful return and resettlement has been very low. The objective of this study is to investigate the motivations for the decisions of IDPs to settle in self-help settlements. The study was guided by two theories; Improvement Risks and Reconstruction model (IRR) for population displacement and the Rational Choice Theory. The study was carried out in Nawamu self-help settlement which is in Gilgil District, Mbaruk Sub- Location. The sub- location and the self-help settlement where the research took place was purposively sampled. The study carried out a census interviewing all 45 accessible household heads. The data was collected using interview schedules, focus group discussions and key informants interviews and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Key informants were purposively sampled while FGD participants were randomly selected. Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS version 17) was used for analysis. To make reliable inferences from the data, all statistical tests were subjected to a test of significance at coefficient alpha (α level) equal to 0.05.The study found that there was a significant relationship between the state of education ,health facilities housing facilities and the decision by the IDPs to settle in self-help settlement. There was however no significant relationship between the government interventions, availabilty of clean water and the IDPs decision to settle in self-help settlement. The study found that majority of the household heads (71%) was female and that 75.6% of them were motivated to settle in self-help settlements. The IDPs argued that this was because they had children to take care of. The IDPs wished the government to assist them by provision of funds to help lease land for farming and buying of seeds, building them better houses, resettling all IDPs and provision of clothing and food. A percentage of 71% of the respondents cited owning the piece of land (however small), a house and the expectation of more land from the government as a strong motivation to settle in self-help settlements. This study concluded Individual factors such as age, gender and level of education influence the IDPs decision to settle in the self-help camps and as such they should be considered during resettlement. To motivate IDPs to leave the SHS, the government has to improve the infrastructure in places of original residence. For the government interventions to be successful, involvement of the IDPs was paramount. From the findings of this study resettlement can only be successful if the eight components highlighted in IRR model are addressed and all the social actors involved seeking a resolution.
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

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