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Title: Performance Evaluation of Beach Management Units in Lake Turkana Fisheries Co-Management, Kenya
Authors: Ogoma, Maurice O.
Keywords: Beach Management Units in Lake Turkana
Issue Date: Nov-2021
Publisher: Egerton University
Abstract: Fisheries in Kenya were initially managed through a centralized, top-down approach but were transformed into a co-management approach through Fisheries Beach Management Units (BMUs) Regulations of 2007 and regularised in the new Fisheries Act of 2016. The BMUs ensure effective involvement of local stakeholders in fisheries management while Fisheries Officers ensure BMUs adherence to fisheries policy and regulations. Despite this, inland capture fisheries are still threatened while there is limited information about BMU performance evaluations in Kenya. The study evaluated the performance of BMUs on co-management in L. Turkana between September 2019 and July 2020 in Turkana County. The study objectives included; (i) assess stakeholders' contribution in inland fisheries co-management, (ii) evaluate the effectiveness of BMUs implementing fisheries co-management, (iii) assess the impact of fisheries co-management on fishing communities. I adopted a cross-sectional research design and used purposive sampling was to identify the study BMUs. Questionnaires, key informant interviews, focus group discussions, and observations were used for data collection. I used Chi-square tests, multinomial regression in R, and descriptive statistics in MS Excel to analyze the data. Thirteen stakeholders were identified, and their involvement in BMU activities was significant statistically (x2 = 74.099, df = 14, p<0.05). BMUs were moderately effective (49%) in their operations concerning equity (48%), efficiency (55%), and sustainability (43%). BMUs relied more on external support from donors than internally generated resources. There was inequity in training while essential equipment for fishing operations, safety, and rescue operations were missing in most BMUs. The majority (69%) of BMU members poorly understood BMU rules and regulations. There were wide variations in daily earnings (<KES 500 to >KES 5000) from fishing and increased household income while total fish production had decreased. In conclusion, co-management is a practical approach for managing fisheries, particularly in large lakes like Turkana. However, enhancement of the system should involve all relevant stakeholders, building the capacity of BMU executives on management aspects, including fundraising and financial management, conflicts resolution, and patrols. Policy adjustments recommended include forming stakeholder networks to enhance broad engagement of stakeholders, allocating a kitty for fisheries financing at the County level, and improving fishery production as a 'safety net' strategy to cushion the marginalized people.
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Environment and Resource Development

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