Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://41.89.96.81:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/3199
Title: Socio-economic analysis of commercial fish farming in Kisii County,Kenya
Authors: Gachucha, Margaret .N.
Keywords: Fish farming
Issue Date: Mar-2013
Publisher: Egerton University
Abstract: In Kenya, aquaculture fish production contributes only 5 per cent of the GDP. way below what it could contribute (50%) if fully exploited. Out ofthe 56% ofKenyans thought to be living below the poverty line, 80% live in the rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihood. Slightly over 60 per cent of the population in Kisii county live below poverty line and the age dependency ratio is 100194. Due to increased land fragmentation in this county, farmers are expected to favour production technologies that are profitable and are more land intensive. However, adoption of fish farming as a new enterprise has been low. This study thus examined why this has been the case, with the study objectives being: to compare the socio-economic characteristics of adopters and non-adopters of fish fanning, to determine the factors that affect the decision to adopt fish farming and to determine the returns from fish fanning. Multistage sampling procedure was used to identify a sample size of 160 small scale farmers. Chi square test and z-test were used to determine whether there were socioeconomic differences between fish farmers and non fish farmers; binary logit was used to analyze the factors affecting the decision to adopt fish farming in the study area and gross margin analysis was used to determine the returns from fish farming. From the findings. fish farmers and non fish farmers were found to have significant socio-economic differences in terms of gendcr_ access to credit_ age. cducation level, farming experience in years and frequency of access to extension services. In further analysis, from binary logit regression, it was concluded that gender, age, land size, frequency of extension "visits and education level significantly influenced adoption of fish farming. Interestingly, while the other factors had positive influence on the decision to adopt fish farming, land size was found to have a negative effect. Farmers with smaller land holdings were more likely to adopt fish farming as it is land intensive. From the financial analysis, fish fanning was found to be a profitable enterprise with positive retums which were higher compared to maize crop farming which according to the sampled farmers was their next best alternative. The study recommended gender mainstreaming in fish fanning, introduction to pol§ -culture and implementation of the national land policy to stop further land fragmentation.
URI: http://41.89.96.81:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/3199
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Agriculture

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