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|Title:||Analysis of common bean(phaseolus vulgaris l) cross-border trade and market efficiency in east Africa: a case study of Kenya|
|Authors:||Odera, Emma Vivian|
|Keywords:||bean(phaseolus vulgaris l) cross-border trade and market|
|Abstract:||East Africa region has imbalances in the supply and demand of common bean. This can be offset by improving marketing infrastructure.The objectives ofthe study were to determinethe characteristics of common bean traders, to determine the constraints to the observed trade in common bean varieties and finally to assess the extent to which markets have integrated in key selected markets. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to obtain a sample of 240 respondents (120 traders from the border points and 120 traders from key selected markets). The four border points (Busia, Malaba, Isebania, and Namanga) were purposively selected due to the extent of activities, nature of trade and the volumes of common beans that they handled. The three key markets (Nairobi, Mombasa, and Nakuru) were also purposively selected because of high potential demand and supply for common beans.Snow balling method was used to select the traders.Descriptive statistics were used to address characteristics of common bean traders in key selected border points and markets (objective 1) and constraints to the observed trade in the selected border points and markets(objective 2) and co-integration analysis was used to address the extent to which markets of common bean are integrated in key selected markets (objective 3). The findings revealed that a greater proportion of the traders were women, majority being retailers. The women traders also had more years of experience on average in the retail business compared to the men.Results also indicated that the major constraints to bean trade were high transportation costs, heavy rains, and irregularities in bean supply. Nyayo and Wairimu bean varieties were the most traded varieties in the markets whereas Saitoti variety was the least traded. The co-integration tests established that Nairobi- Mombasa and Nakuru- Mombasa Rosecoco markets and Nairobi- Nakuru and Nakuru- Mombasa Mwitemania markets were co-integrated. The study recommends that, in order to increase the degree of market integration, the government and private sector should improve marketing infrastructure especially the roads to enable easy flow of the product between the markets. There is also need to zero rate agricultural produce being imported in the country to tackle the issue of bribery at the border points, this in return will enable traders not take advantage of increased production to lower returns accruing to farmers thus enhancing degree of market integration.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Agriculture|
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