Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://41.89.96.81:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/929
Title: Factors determining access to water services among low income residents and measures to improve access: a case study of Kaptembwo location, Nakuru County, Kenya
Authors: Mokaya, Samuel Bogonko
Keywords: access to water services
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publisher: Egerton University
Abstract: Access to clean, safe water is a human need and basic right. Yet, roughly half of urban dwellers in sub-Saharan Africa lack access to clean, safe and affordable water. Many factors account for this; poverty, low investment in water network as well as lack of incentives. Many urban centres face the challenge of supply adequate water to low income or informal settlement residential areas. Current water demand in Nakuru stands at 100,000 m3/day, against a supply of 40, 000 m3/day. This translates into a serious water deficit experienced especially by residents in some areas in the town. This study set out to explore this problem and to situate dynamics of water access in Kaptembwo location and establish measures undertaken by the water service providers in improving the provision of water. Specifically, the study objectives were:(i) to assess factors determining access to water services among low income residents of Kaptembwo location, (ii) to obtain primary data on the access to water services and (iii) to establish measures undertaken by water service providers in improving the provision of water in Kaptembwo location. The study was based on a descriptive survey design which involved a sample of 280 households from the low income residents of Kaptembwo. Data collection was done through administration of structured questionnaire, use of schedule and observation and interviews with key informants. Data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 20. From the analysis, it was established that distance to water points, water infrastructure and residents‟ income were key factors affecting access to water. In addition, the basic water requirements of the study area have not been met as shown by the per capita water consumption per day of 20.86litres. This figure is by far below the minimum threshold of 50 litres/capita per day recommended by the World Bank. To try and cope with the shortfall, NAWASSCO has applied measures such as rationing water in Kaptembwo location, sinking of more boreholes and establishment of water kiosks. The study thus makes following recommendations: include; NAWASSCO should improve its piping facilities to make water services more accessible to the residents of Kaptembwo location as well as supply water in Kaptembwo location for longer periods. There is need also for NAWASSCO to establish more water kiosks in low income areas to increase water access. WRAM and WASREB should explore means of private sector participation in improving water distribution network in the low income areas.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/929
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences

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