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|Title:||Factors Affecting Maize Production in Malindi Division, Malindi District|
|Authors:||Odhiambo, Paul, Odundo|
|Abstract:||Maize is the staple food for the Giriama community living in Malindi Division yet this Division depends on other areas of Kenya for its maize supply. About 25% of its land is considered to be an agricultural land which is adequate for growing enough maize for consumption by the local population which was estimated at 169764 (Central Bureau of Statistics, 1999 census report) and generate some surpluses for sale (or export) to other arid areas of Kenya. Maize production however, appears to have been low averaging 12.5 bags per hectare instead of the expected 37.5 bags per hectare yet the population of Malindi division has continued to grow, a fact of signiﬁcant concern. This study examined the factors that affect maize production in the Division A simple random sampling technique was used to select 120 (household heads) farmers that were included in the study. Ex-post facto research design (with survey methodology) was used in this study and data collected using a structured questionnaire. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. The study revealed that time of planting, use of ox-plough or tractor, timely weed control and lease typeof land ownership contributed to signiﬁcant higher maize yields. Contact with Extension service, gender of the household head, access to credit, off-farm income, level of education of the household head, use,of certiﬁed seeds, use of manures and fertilizers and number of weeding operation conducted had no signiﬁcant effect on maize yields in Malindi Division (ot=0.05). This study recommends that the Government extension staff should advise farmers that they should only grow certiﬁed seeds if they will be able to provide all the necessary agronomic conditions required by these type of maize variety. At the same time, the Government and other stakeholders should support interventions that will enable the farmers to access the use of ox plough since, its use was found to have a signiﬁcant increase in maize yields|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Agriculture|
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