Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Tensile and viscoelastic characterization of Kenyan indigenous Boran cow hide dermis
Authors: Nalyanya, Kallen Mulilo
Keywords: Tensile and viscoelastic -- Boran cow -- Hide dermis
Issue Date: Feb-2016
Publisher: Egerton University
Abstract: The wide range of applications, the industrial processing techniques and storage of collagenous materials expose them to a variety of environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity and solar ultraviolet (UV) radiations. In this study, a freshly flayed hide from a mature Boran bovine was prepared to pickling stage using conventional tanning processes. The hide was then cut into two halves along the backbone. One half was left at pickled stage while the other half was tanned using Chromium Sulphate. Suitably cut specimens from each pelt in parallel and perpendicular to the backline were then taken to determine their tensile properties using Instron Testing Machine, Model 1101. Effect of direction of sampling, pickling and chrome tanning on the tensile properties was determined. Other suitable samples were exposed to solar radiation for a duration of 0-24 hours and artificial Ultraviolet radiation for 0-30 hours to determine their effects on viscoelastic properties. The samples were conditioned in a standard atmosphere prior to Dynamic Mechanical Analysis. Effects of oscillation frequency and temperature were also determined. Results showed that chrome-tanning significantly increased tensile strength (p=0.0344), storage modulus (𝐸′), complex and dynamic viscosity (η), shear stress (σ) and thermal stability at all frequencies and temperatures. However, it decreased the percentage elongation, loss modulus, tan δ, and shear strain. Hence tanning makes molecular chains difficult to slide over each other when shearing forces are applied. Tanned hide showed stabilized trend in the changes of their viscoelastic properties. Hence, tanning stabilizes leather structure. Bovine hide showed dispersion phenomenon with frequency of 30 Hz probably its natural frequency. Solar radiation decreased storage modulus but as the duration of irradiation increased, the modulus started to increase gradually. Both tan δ and thermal stability decreased progressively with both solar and artificial radiations. Hence sun-drying during tanning can be discouraged especially for strong and stiff leather. Tensile properties showed that Boran bovine hide meets the international UN standards for leather. The study recommends rearing of Boran bovine breed.
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Tensile and viscoelastic characterization of Kenyan indigenous Boran cow hide dermis.pdf1.72 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.